Monte Cassino: Ancient Roman garrison, famous for the events surrounding its Abbey, around 60 Km away from the Baia Domizia Camping Village. The Monte Cassino Abbey is one of the best-known Abbeys worldwide.
In 529, St. Benedict chose this mountain to build this monastery that was to house him and the monks who followed him from Subiaco.
Over the centuries, the Abbey has witnessed magnificence and destruction, yet it has always risen from its ruins with greater vigour. It has been destroyed by the Lombards and later by the Saracens. In 1349 it was subject to a terrible earthquake and in February 1944 a bombing raid almost completely levelled it.
What you see as you pass it on the A1 motorway is a twenty-thousand metre square, faithful reconstruction of the original. On the top of a mountain, 520 metres high, the monastery is easily seen from far off and has become a precise reference point for the area.
Apart from the Basilica and the tombs, there is a crypt with fabulous gold mosaics, a museum with magnificent paintings, wonderful manuscripts and antique books; all of which retrace the history of the Abbey from its beginnings up to today and illustrate the reason why Monte Cassino is known as the “Beacon of Western Civilisation”.